General Objective

The Conference seeks to structure a proactive reflection and enable the various stakeholders to speak to the issue and make recommendations for significant and sustainable improvements to migration policies and practices at the service of development and governance issues in Africa.

It will also seek to clarify policy choices vis-a-vis the main drivers of migration, namely the political, economic, social and environmental factors and formulate strategic and structural contributions that the migration dynamic makes to development and governance in Africa.

Specific Objectives

In connection with the major challenge of socio-economic structural transformation of Africa, the conference aims at the following specific objectives:

  • identify and analyze the causes and current challenges of migration dynamics, especially at the political, economic, social, security and environmental level;
  • make a presentation and hold discussion on the forms and practices of internal and international migration in terms of the drivers and difficulties faced by migrants and by African States in general;
  • identify and assess the effects and the impact of migration in terms of the gains and losses to the structural transformation process of Africa;
  • propose and structure urgent responses and practices to help improve sub-Saharan migration;
  • identify the benefits and future challenges that migration will present to Africa;
  • formulate consensus-based and innovative recommendations on migration which will substantially enhance the development and governance process in Africa;
  • propose strategies and actions for the reflection and effective monitoring of the recommendations on migration in public policies at all levels.


In view of the various implications and interdependence of migration, the theme will be discussed in a multi-sectoral and multi-level approach, with particular emphasis on the representation and inclusion of all the stakeholders, the various regions of Africa and the diaspora. Thus the methodological approach will address the need to highlight the commonality of the problem of migration, the diversity of contexts, especially territorial diversity.

The methodology will thus make it possible to gather inputs, develop analysis and formulate important recommendations based on real experiences, perceptions, the plans and perspectives of all categories of stakeholders at all levels, ranging from the local to the global. Based on the contexts, experiences and aspirations of stakeholders from the various regions of the continent, the Conference is expected to come up with appropriate and relevant responses to each regional situation and also find shared solutions to the common migration problems.

In short the Conference, with the method adopted, will pay particular attention to managing consistency since migration brings together different stakeholders from separate but highly inter-connected territories – from the local to the pan-African and global level, and deals with the complex issue of governance in its different forms.


The Conference will be held over a 3-day period. It will bring together about a hundred actors from the 5 regions of the Continent and the Diaspora, as well as invited guests mainly from Europe and North America.

The participants will be actors representing the diversity of institutions, and socio-professional circles, namely:

  • States;
  • Integration organizations and international institutions;
  • Migrants and immigrants organizations and associations;
  • Civil society organizations;
  • The private sector;
  • Political parties;
  • Youths and students associations;
  • Organizations, programmes and initiatives on migration, etc.

However, due to the dynamics and challenges arising in West Africa and Southern Africa with respect to migration, the majority of participants will be given to the two regions.

Pedagogical Organization

Preparatory work will facilitate the definition of the state, challenges and stakes of migration for each region of the Continent with a focus on West Africa and Southern Africa. The documents prepared will serve as an introduction and a basis for discussions at the Conference.

The Conference will be structured around successive plenary sessions, with:

  • Introductory notes;
  • Panel discussions;
  • Thematic focus;
  • Stakeholder testimonies, presentations of innovations and good practices.

An orientation and framework paper for the Conference will be elaborated by the Conference Steering Committee.

Steering and Partnerships

The Conference will take place under the technical and methodological supervision of the AGI, in partnership with the African Union Commission and the Coalition for Dialogue on Africa.

It will seek partnership with States, community and international institutions, and any other relevant organization.

A Steering Committee will be established, whose core missions will be to:

  • Define and ensure compliance with the guidelines, provisions and results of the Conference;
  • Support strategic reflection, and validate the various scientific productions and the communication plan of the Conference;
  • Ensure political and strategic support for the Conference, mainly by facilitating contacts and opportunities at national, pan-African and international levels.

The Steering Committee will be made up of personalities and organizations recognized for their commitment and their experience in the area of migration.